Mood Disorders: What do we do?
What are the mood disorders and what do we do?
What are the Mood Disorders?
disorders relate to conditions in which the primary experience is a disturbance
in mood. Mood has been defined by the DSM-IV glossary as “a pervasive and
sustained emotion that colors the person’s perception of the world. Common
examples of mood include depression, elation, anger, and anxiety.” While this
definition includes elation and anxiety, most references in psychological
literature restrict the term “mood disorder” to individuals with a predominantly
depressed, elevated or irritable mood. The DSM-IV categorizes the mood disorders
to include seven specific disorders: Major Depressive Disorder, Dysthymic
Disorder, Bipolar I disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, Cyclothymic Disorder, Mood
Disorder Due to a General
Medical Condition, and Substance-Induced Mood
It is always important to bear in mind that while the mood
disorders are segregated into specific categories, mood symptoms are not
necessarily restricted to these conditions and may also include such diagnostic
categories as adjustment disorders, dementias, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders,
and any number of childhood disorders. The commonality among all of these
disorders, is that there are specific changes in mood, which are relatively
pervasive and sustained over a period of time.
Mood disorders may occur in an episodic pattern, with periods
of normal mood alternating with periods of a disturbed mood. The DSM-IV
Guidebook defines for specific types of mood episode:
Manic Episode: at least one week of elevated, euphoric,
or irritable mood accompanied by a characteristic pattern of manic symptoms.
Mixed Episode: at least one week of manic and
Hypomanic Episode: at least four days of elevated,
euphoric, or irritable mood that is less severe than a manic episode.
- Major Depressive Episode: at least two weeks of
depressed mood accompanied by a
characteristic pattern of depressive symptoms.
Frequently users of the DSM-IV become slightly confused with
the relationship between mood episodes and mood disorders.
When clinicians diagnose mood disorders, they also incorporate mood episodes
into the diagnosis of the mood disorder which are not diagnostic in and of
themselves. Each of the mood disorders are described in detail on separate pages
of this web site.
By Paul Susic MA Licensed
Psychologist Ph.D Candidate
Source: DSM-IV &
Page on Google Plus
Diagnosis - DSM-IV
Diagnosis and Codes: In Alphabetical Order and Psychiatric Medications
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